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Write a method to compute all permutations of a string

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Problem Statement
Write a method to compute all permutations of a string

Let’s assume a given string S represented by the letters A_1, A_2, A_3,\dots, A_n

To permute set S, we can select the first character, A_1, permute the remainder of the string to get a new list Then, with that new list, we can “push” A_1 into each possible position.

For example, if our string is “abc”, we would do the following:
1 Let first = “a” and let remainder = “bc”
2 Let list = permute(bc) = {“bc”, “cd”}
3 Push “a” into each location of “bc” (–> “abc”, “bac”, “bca”) and “cb” (–> “acb”, “cab”, “cba”)
4 Return our new list


public class Permutations {
    static String insertCharAt(String str, char c, int index) {
        StringBuffer sb = new StringBuffer(str.substring(0, index));
        return sb.toString();

    static List<String> permutations(String s) {
        List<String> ans = new ArrayList<String>();
        if (s.length() == 0) {
            return ans;
        } else {
            char first = s.charAt(0);
            List<String> words = permutations(s.substring(1));
            for (String word : words) {
                for (int i = 0; i <= word.length(); i++) {
                    ans.add(insertCharAt(word, first, i));

            return ans;

    public static void main(String[] args) {