## [f]izzbuzzer

### Looking for good programming challenges?

Use the search below to find our solutions for selected questions!

# Recursive Digit Sum challenge

Sharing is caring!

Problem statement
We define super digit of an integer $x$ using the following rules:

• If $x$ has only $1$ digit, then its super digit is $x$.
• Otherwise, the super digit of $x$ is equal to the super digit of the digit-sum of $x$. Here, digit-sum of a number is defined as the sum of its digits.

For example, super digit of $9875$ will be calculated as:

```super_digit(9875) = super_digit(9+8+7+5)
= super_digit(29)
= super_digit(2+9)
= super_digit(11)
= super_digit(1+1)
= super_digit(2)
= 2.
```

You are given two numbers $n$ and $k$. You have to calculate the super digit of $P$. $P$ is created when number $n$ is concatenated $k$ times. That is, if $n = 123$ and $k = 3$, then $P=123123123$.

Input Format
The first line contains two space separated integers, $n$ and $k$.

Constraints $1 \le n \textless 10^{100000}$ $1 \le k \le 10^{5}$

Output Format
Output the super digit of $P$, where $P$ is created as described above.

Sample Input 0

```148 3
```

Sample Output 0

```3
```

Explanation 0
Here $n=148$ and $k=3$, so $P=148148148$.

```super_digit(P) = super_digit(148148148)
= super_digit(1+4+8+1+4+8+1+4+8)
= super_digit(39)
= super_digit(3+9)
= super_digit(12)
= super_digit(1+2)
= super_digit(3)
= 3.
```

Sample Input 1
recursive-digit-sum-input-1

Sample Output 1
recursive-digit-sum-output-1

Solution

```public class RecursiveDigitSum {
private static BigInteger sum(BigInteger p) {
BigInteger ans = BigInteger.ZERO;

String num = p.toString();
for (int i = 0; i < num.length(); i++) {
ans = ans.add(new BigInteger("" + num.charAt(i)));
}

return ans;
}

private static BigInteger solve(BigInteger p, int k) {
BigInteger sum = sum(p);
BigInteger ksum = sum.multiply(new BigInteger("" + k));
BigInteger spr = sum(ksum);
if (spr.toString().length() > 1) {
return solve(sum(p), k);
}
return spr;
}

public static void main(String[] args) throws FileNotFoundException {
System.setIn(new FileInputStream(System.getProperty("user.home") + "/" + "in.txt"));
Scanner in = new Scanner(System.in);

String n = in.next();
int k = in.nextInt();

BigInteger p = new BigInteger(n);
System.out.println(solve(p, k));
}
}
```