## fizzbuzzer

### Looking for good programming challenges?

Use the search below to find our solutions for selected questions!

# Marc’s Cakewalk challenge

Sharing is caring!

Problem statement
Marc loves cupcakes, but he also likes to stay fit. He eats $n$ cupcakes in one sitting, and each cupcake $i$ has a calorie count, $c_i$. After eating a cupcake with $c$ calories, he must walk at least $2^j \times c$ (where $c$ is the number cupcakes he has already eaten) miles to maintain his weight.

Given the individual calorie counts for each of the cupcakes, find and print a long integer denoting the minimum number of miles Marc must walk to maintain his weight. Note that he can eat the cupcakes in any order.

Input Format
The first line contains an integer, $n$, denoting the number of cupcakes.
The second line contains $n$ space-separated integers describing the respective calorie counts of each cupcake, $c_0, c_1, \dots, c_{n-1}$.

Constraints $1 \le n \le 40$ $1 \le c_i \le 1000$

Output Format
Print a long integer denoting the minimum number of miles Marc must walk to maintain his weight.

Sample Input 0

3
1 3 2


Sample Output 0

11


Explanation 0
Let’s say the number of miles Marc must walk to maintain his weight is $miles$. He can minimize $miles$ by eating the $n=3$ cupcakes in the following order:

1. Eat the cupcake with $c_1 = 3$ calories, so $miles = 0 + (3 \times 2^0) = 3$.
2. Eat the cupcake with $c_2 = 2$ calories, so $miles = 3 + (2 \times 2^1) = 7$.
3. Eat the cupcake with $c_3 = 1$ calories, so $miles = 7 + (1 \times 2^2) = 11$.

We then print the final value of $miles$, which is $11$, as our answer.

Solution

public class MarcsCakewalk {

public static void main(String[] args) throws FileNotFoundException {
System.setIn(new FileInputStream(System.getProperty("user.home") + "/" + "in.txt"));
Scanner in = new Scanner(System.in);

StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
int n = in.nextInt();

int[] c = new int[n];
for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) {
c[i] = in.nextInt();
}

Arrays.sort(c);

long miles = 0;
for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) {
miles += Math.pow(2, i) * c[n - i - 1];
}

System.out.println(miles);
}

}